In a concerning extension of the ongoing Israel-Hamas conflict, a diverse range of hacker collectives have entered the fray, amplifying the tensions with cyberattacks.

This digital warfare has further complicated an already intense situation, where the Palestinian militant group Hamas recently initiated a substantial offensive against Israel, deploying thousands of rockets and deploying troops to Israel's southern regions.

Following this act of aggression, Israel took a defensive stance, countering Hamas's actions. The tragic aftermath has seen hundreds lose their lives and thousands more injured as the hostilities escalated.

Moving beyond the physical battleground, the digital arena has become a hotspot. While state-sponsored entities have presumably boosted their covert cyber activities, hacktivist groups, pledging allegiance to either side, have ramped up their cyber offensive.

Notably, Julian Botham, a cybersecurity consultant with a knack for Open-Source Intelligence (OSINT), has chronicled these cyber events. One of the earliest recorded actions was by Anonymous Sudan, which allegedly compromised Israel's emergency warning systems just under an hour post the Hamas rocket attacks.

This group also claims responsibility for attacks on the Jerusalem Post, Israel's premier English daily.

Further deepening the cyber onslaught, Cyber Av3ngers, a group endorsing Hamas, purportedly breached the Israel Independent System Operator (Noga) and the Israel Electric Corporation, causing considerable disruptions. Israeli governmental websites weren't spared either, with the pro-Russian faction, Killnet, reportedly launching its own set of cyberattacks.

Adding to the list, Ghosts of Palestine called upon global hackers to target both Israeli and US infrastructure. The Libyan Ghosts then responded by allegedly defacing several Israeli websites to show their support for Hamas.

The majority of these hacktivists have resorted to distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks as their primary weapon. However, caution should be exercised in assessing the veracity of their claims, as embellishments are not uncommon in such situations.

For instance, rumors regarding a cyber onslaught on Israel’s Iron Dome air defense by Iran-affiliated hackers seem to be overstated.

That said, some groups, like Killnet and Anonymous Sudan, both with links to Russia, have historically been associated with massive DDoS attacks on giants like Microsoft, X (previously Twitter), and Telegram.

Counteracting these cyber threats, pro-Israel factions have also initiated their own digital campaigns. ThreatSec claims to have infiltrated Gaza's ISP, AlfaNet. Furthermore, hacktivist entities reportedly based in India have targeted Palestinian official websites, rendering some inaccessible.

Garuna and TeamHDP have declared their support for Israel, with the latter specifically aiming at Hamas and the Islamic University of Gaza's online presence.

In a recently released report, tech behemoth Microsoft detailed observing a surge in cyber activities from a Gaza-originated group, Storm-1133, targeting prominent Israeli sectors in early 2023. The tech giant's analysis suggests that this group's endeavors align with Hamas's objectives.